Thyroid & Parathyroid Care

Thyroid & Parathyroid Care

Evaluation and treatment for conditions of the thyroid and parathyroid glands usually begins with an endocrinologist–a doctor who specializes in the endocrine system. However, sometimes treatment calls for a surgical approach, requiring the expertise of an ENT. When surgery is necessary, our surgeons employ minimally invasive procedures and use techniques of nerve monitoring to reduce the chance of complications.

Thyroid Conditions

A butterfly-shaped gland in the lower neck, the thyroid secretes hormones that help control your metabolism and regulate body functions. An overactive thyroid gland makes too much hormone (hyperthyroidism), leading to a racing heartbeat, tremors, and intolerance of hot temperatures. Too little thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) causes fatigue, weight gain, and intolerance of cold temperatures. These hormone imbalances can usually be treated by prescription medications. While an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter) is quite common and usually not a cause for concern, it’s essential to see a physician to rule out cancer. If the thyroid needs to be surgically removed because of cancer or another medical reason, the procedure is known as a thyroidectomy.

Parathyroid Gland

The parathyroid glands are four small glands adjacent to the thyroid which are responsible for regulating the body’s calcium levels. Enlargement of one or more parathyroid glands leads to a loss of calcium in the bones and elevated calcium in the blood. In severe cases, this can cause calcium stones in the kidneys, bone fractures, fatigue, and depression. In these situations, parathyroidectomy–surgery to remove the affected gland–is indicated.